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Leishmaniasis

Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease (or better, a complex of diseases) caused by intracellular protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania (Trypanosomatidae family). Leishmaniasis is a mammalian disease. Human infection is caused by at least 20 Leishmania species, classified: to the…

Hiv/Aids infection and pregnancy

Introduction Over the past decades, a comprehensive effort has ensured that vertical, perinatal transmission by pregnant, HIV+ women has been significantly reduced. In developed countries, especially in the Western world, antiretroviral therapy and proper management of labor and neonatal treatment…

Leptospirosis in Greece

Introduction The Leptospira genus includes several heterogenic groups of pathogenic (group I and II) and of non-pathogenic microorganisms. Taxonomy on a genetic basis, describes 14 different species of pathogens, grouped in 260 different serovars, classified in antigenically similar groups. The…

Ebola virus disease (EVD)

Introduction – epidemiology – transmission Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe, often fatal illness and one of the world’s most virulent diseases. Ebola hemorrhagic fever is caused by the Ebola virus, which belongs to the Filoviridae family (filovirus). Ebola…